(356 BC – 323 BC) – 33 years
Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20.
Alexander the Great spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders.
During his youth, Alexander the Great was tutored by Aristotle until age 16. After Philip’s assassination in 336 BC, he succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia.
In 334 BC, Alexander the Great invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted 10 years. Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela.
Alexander the Great subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.
Alexander endeavoured to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea” and invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. He eventually turned back at the demand of his homesick troops, dying in Babylon in 323 BC, the city that he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi: Alexander’s surviving generals and heirs.
Alexander’s legacy includes the cultural diffusion and syncretism which his conquests engendered, such as Greco-Buddhism. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander’s settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD and the presence of Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the 1920s. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mould of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and mythic traditions of both Greek and non-Greek cultures.
Alexander the Great became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics. Alexander the Great is often ranked among the most influential people in history.
Alexander the Great Commander Skills:
Shield of the King
|Alexander gains a shield that lasts 4 seconds which can absorb a large amount of damage (Damage Factor 600), and at the same time puts up a smaller shield for the allied troops (including his own troops) with the lowest percentage of units in the circular area of effect. The smaller one lasts 2 seconds and absorbs a small amount of damage (Damage Factor 200).|
Shield (Self): 600/700/800/1000/1200
Shield (Ally): 200/300/400/500/600
Lead the Charge
|While on the map, troops led by this commander are immune to “all damage reduction” debuffs, and their normal attacks have a 10% chance to deal an additional damage to the target (Damage Factor 800) and reduce its healing effects by 10% for 5 seconds.|
Direct Damage Factor: 800/1000/1200/1400/1700
Healing Effect Reduction: 10%/15%/20%/25%/30%
|While on the map, infantry units led by this commander gain 10% increased march speed and 10% increased attack.|
Infantry March Speed Bonus: 10%/15%/20%/25%/30%
Infantry Attack Bonus: 10%/15%/20%/25%/30%
Battle of Chaeronea
|When not shielded, troops led by this commander gain 20% increased attack. When shielded, troops gain 10% increased defense instead.|
Attack Bonus: 20%/25%/30%/35%/40%
Defense Bonus: 10%/15%/20%/25%/30%
Son of Amun
|Alexander gains a shield that lasts 4 seconds which can absorb a large amount of damage (Damage Factor 1200), and during the effect of this shield up to 3 enemy troops in the circular area take 30% increased damage for 4 seconds. Meanwhile, he puts up a smaller shield for the allied troops (including his own troops) with the lowest percentage of units in the circular area of effect. The smaller one lasts 2 seconds and absorbs a small amount of damage (Damage Factor 600).|
Best Commander Pairings for Alexander the Great:
- Open-field (Alexander as primary commander): Yi Seong-Gye
- Open-field (Alexander as secondary commander): Scipio Prime, Guan Yu, Sargon the Great
Best Talent Trees for Alexander the Great: